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Wykluczenie w USA 1920

Komentarz do artykułu US plans to exclude immigrants w The Times z 8 grudnia 1920, przedrukowanego 100 lat później w wydaniu z 8 grudnia 2020. Artykuł nie wspomina o wykluczeniu czarnoskórych obywateli USA. Wersja angielska: Exclusion in 1920 United States.


Lech S Borkowski comment The Times 8 December 2020
Lech S Borkowski, komentarz w The Times 8 grudnia 2020

Myślę, że ciekawe jest w tym kontekście przypomnienie czytelnikom sytuacji np. czarnoskórych Amerykanów w Stanach Zjednoczonych w tamtym czasie. Polecam lekturę “Black on Red: My Forty Four Years Inside the Soviet Union” autorstwa Roberta Robinsona.

“Autor, ślusarz narzędziowy, w 1930 roku przyjął roczny kontrakt na pracę w Związku Radzieckim i żył tam wbrew swojej woli przez następne czterdzieści cztery lata”

Robert Robinson był dobrze wykwalifikowanym technikiem, ale z powodu rasizmu nie mógł liczyć na otrzymanie pracy w USA. Był człowiekiem o wielkiej uczciwości osobistej. Książka jest bardzo interesująca.

Z powodu wcześniejszego niewolnictwa Stany Zjednoczone miały swój ogromny problem rasowy. Wielka Brytania i inne europejskie mocarstwa miały swoje kolonie. Duża liczba ludzi w Europie popierała ideologie totalitarne. Dość często osoby dyskryminowane w jednym obszarze wspierały terror innego państwa.

@LechSBorkowski

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Exclusion in 1920 United States

My comment on The Times article US plans to exclude immigrants, 8 December 1920, reprinted in the 8 December 2020 edition. Polish version: Wykluczenie w USA 1920.


Lech S Borkowski comment The Times 8 December 2020
Lech S Borkowski, comment in The Times, 8 December 2020

I think it is interesting in this context to remind the readers of the situation of e.g. black Americans in the United States at the time. I recommend reading “Black on Red: My Forty Four Years Inside the Soviet Union” by Robert Robinson.

“The author, a toolmaker who accepted a one-year contract to work in the Soviet Union in 1930 and lived there, mostly against his will, for the next forty-four years”

Robert Robinson was a well qualified technician but, due to racism, could not count on having a job in the US. He was a man of great personal integrity. The book is very interesting.

With a background of slavery, United States had its huge racial problem. Great Britain and other European powers had their colonies. Large number of people in Europe supported totalitarian ideologies. Quite often, those discriminated against in one area supported another state’s terror.

@LechSBorkowski

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Another obituary of Sergei Khrushchev

Another Sergei Khrushchev obituary. The Times, July 1, 2020. I posted nearly identical comment as under his obituary in The Telegraph. I added the first sentence

Sergei Khrushchev clearly continued to serve Soviet Russia during his years in the US.

I also posted another comment in response to a reader’s remark.


Someone in a comment below suggested that Solzhenitsyn should be in every western high school syllabus. No, he shouldn’t be. He was iconized undeservedly. There are reasons to doubt his whole legend.

You should read “Alexander Dolgun’s Story. An American in the Gulag” by Alexander Dolgun (1975), written by an American Embassy employee kidnapped from the street in Moscow by the Soviet secret service. Interestingly, Solzhenitsyn appears at the end of the book. Khrushchev’s name appears in the book as well.

The prosecutor who signed the fake accusations against Dolgun was Roman Rudenko, head of the Soviet delegation at the Nuremberg trials.

@LechSBorkowski

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Polish-Soviet friendship 2.0

My comment on the article Polish president looks for US troops to give him edge in election by Oliver Moody in The Times, 25 June 2020.


There is a misunderstanding about the changes of 1989-90. It was not, as it is usually presented, a ‘transition to democracy’. The ruling Communists maintained the same firm grip on power. What changed, was decorations and the plurality of lies.

As the Soviet troops were withdrawing from Poland in the first half of the 1990s, a contingent of civil operatives were brought in from the Soviet republics, who were installed at the state cultural and scientific institutions. Jobs, that were difficult to get for qualified Polish citizens, were given to the Russians. Given the circumstances and the logistics of this exercise, it was clearly the result of a cooperation of Poland, Russia, and the Soviet republics.

There was no obvious need that these people would fulfill.

Poland pretended to be officially an opponent of Russia, while on the ground continued the Communist business-as-usual. The mutual recognition of university degrees and other certificates continued until Poland entered the European Union in 2004. So, if you e.g. had a degree from a top western university, you had to go through the verification process with your diploma. However, if your degree was from Belarus, Kazakhstan, or any place in Russia, it was automatically accepted as valid.

In my wife’s workplace, at the State School of Music in Zielona Góra in what is now western Poland, the head of the piano section was and probably still is an operative from Leningrad. That woman came to Poland around 1991 to a school of music in a small town in south-west Poland. Later on she moved to a better known school on the Polish-German border, and finally, after another couple of years to Zielona Góra. These moves would not have been possible without any special backing. These are jobs which are difficult to obtain for the Poles.

There are quite many examples of this policy in Poland. Quite obviously this is the next phase of the Polish-Soviet friendship.

These Russian operatives do not have any particularly precious expertise. Their presence contradicts common sense and sometimes even the law.

My wife was fired from the said School of Music in Zielona Góra, despite being the most successful piano teacher. Interestingly, the Russians (there is more than one of them in the school), often used the Soviet and Russian editions of classic composers, which were clearly falsified. The musical text was clearly wrong. It was not only the cyrillic of the letters, that was the problem. but also the musical text. But nobody dared to raise the issue.

This tells you more about reality than the noise about American troops, which might come to Poland.

If they come, they will be puppets in someone else’s hands. Americans do not have a clue.

@LechSBorkowski

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The Times silent on Yalta 1945

One more comment on Marc Bennetts’ article Stalin’s death liberated us, say activists in The Times, March 6 2020. Two other ones were posted earlier.


The Times remained silent on the 75th anniversary of the Yalta agreement of February 1945.

At the end of WWII leaders of United States and Britain went out of their way to appease the genocidal regime of the Soviet Union. While they championed democracy for their own countries, they made key decisions and signed a pact with the Soviet Union without participation of the representatives of the affected countries of Eastern Europe, thus facilitating further atrocities by the Communists.

This event is often presented as a false alternative: either Yalta agreement or war with the Soviet Union.

At that moment, eastern Poland was occupied by the Soviet Union again, just like in 1939-1941.

@LechSBorkowski